Saturday, May 26, 2012

Daily Digest May 26, 2012 030


Liberals struggle with identity
A spate of recent polls suggest Liberal pallbearers should send their mourning suits to the drycleaner.

Mulcair is too loud on Alberta, too mute on Quebec
Facts a cure for Mulcair's disease
'Dutch disease'? We should be so lucky
Is it time for Jean Charest to convene an Estates General?
Don't call me 'dear'
Elections Canada needs an overhaul, for democracy's sake
The Conservatives tamper with a way of life

EI changes driven by contempt and ideology
No lack of fingers to point as EI arrives at crunch time

Don't mess with Atlantic Canada
Yes, Elizabeth May, let's have that conversation

EI changes long overdue
Canada Lite: our diminished nation

A heavy sigh for the long-winded title guy
Inconsistent on inmates

Let talks roll in CP rail dispute
Spy vs. Spy: Russian eyes may be watching us, but there's no hard feelings

Absurd whitewashing: U.S. Army overlooks 'know your enemy' rule
N.L. premier 'at odds' with Peter MacKay

Natural Resource Minister scolds Mulcair
Gallant's response to third party critique above real answers

F-35 debacle spurs Tories to consider new agency for military purchases
Quebec students ready for tuition hike, says one leader

Harper is right: Foreign radicals are after the oil sands
Dyslexic man, learning-disabled wife charged for not filing census form

As provinces balk at EI changes, Flaherty says let's talk
MacKay: EI changes don't target seasonal workers

Premier Dunderdale calls lack of EI consultation 'disturbing'
'Buy America' passes hurdles, but government MPs aren't worried yet
A government that once looked adrift is building a greater sense of purpose

Federal NDP leader not understanding the West
When the Queen is your boss

Mother of Confederation' made no mention of the event in her diary.
Canada Post proposes rate hikes to offset losses as mail use declines

Embattled managers at Veterans Affairs received almost $700k in bonuses last year
Feds to cut air pollution monitoring team
investigation has revealed.
Oliver 'supportive' of Redford's proposed national energy strategy

Census to state how rapidly Canada is aging
Health care sits top of mind as Ontario wrestles its deficit

All Ontario schools must allow 'gay-straight alliances' under new anti-bullying bill
More a run than a shuffle: major overhaul of cabinet in Saskatchewan

B.C. Premier Clark not happy the province is getting disgraced Mountie
B.C. considers uncorking restaurants with BYOB
A pill for every problem
Health Canada slow to move against alcoholic energy drinks

Rain deters more Quebec protesters than police on Friday night
Quebec protesters march through heavy rain and lightning
From the Chilean Winter to the Maple Spring Solidarity: the Student Movements in Chile and Québec
Read the Article

Less Smart by the Minute: Updating the B.C. Hydro Experience with Smart Meters Read more...
Mass Arrests Mark Maple Spring's 100th Day
Canadian Immigrants and Asylum Seekers Speak Out
The BC Coastal Bear and Wolf Patrol Turning Trophy Hunting Around in the Great Bear Rainforest  Read more...

Social Justice on Trial in Canada


Egyptians Wait for Election Results

Syria crisis: Houla 'massacre leaves 90 dead'

A Historic Moment For India-Myanmar Ties – Analysis
Israel, US At Loggerheads Over Iran Nuclear Issue – OpEd

Shafik Vows To Defend Egypt Revolution
Pope Benedict's Butler Arrested For Stealing Confidential Correspondence – OpEd

The State Of The Military-Industrial Complex Is Strong – OpEd  READ MORE
Power Of Culture: PalFest Breaks The Siege Of Gaza – OpEd READ MORE

Obama And Gay Marriage: In US Religion, 'The Golden Rule' Rules – OpEd. READ MORE
Israel's Nukes, Once Defensive, Now Guarantee Conflict – OpEd READ MORE

Road to Tyranny: House Refuses NDAA Amendment violation of our rights Read more...
Watch full multipart Wilkerson on GOP Race
Watch full multipart New Military Detention Powers Threaten Basic Right
A Dime a Day in UN Food Support for Somalia Read more...

Lies and Consequences in Our Past 15 Wars  by David Swanson l War is a Crime Read more...
NATO's Toxic Legacy: Billions Needed to Ameliorate Afghanistan's Environmental Damage Read more...

Asia's Mad Arms Race – OpEd READ MORE
Burma: First Foreign Trip For Suu Kyi READ MORE

Memorial For America's Conscience – OpEd READ MORE
Beyond Transitional Justice: Memorialisation In Africa – OpEd. READ MORE

Prisons and Profits
Egypt's Youth See Reversal of Revolution in Election READ MORE

Why a Growing Movement of Young People Could Ignite a Workers' Revolution READ MORE
Montreal's Student Protesters Defy Restrictions As Demonstrations Grow READ MORE

NATO Protests Reveal Need for Nonviolent Discipline READ MORE
Live Coverage: Occupy Worldwide READ MORE

America's 23-Year War
US Prepares Multi-front Proxy War Against Syria

An Ongoing Disaster Libya, Africa and Africom
Syria, Yemen, and America's Quest for Imperial Dominance.

U.S. Hard Line in Failed Iran Talks Driven by Israel.
"If you don't talk we'll kill you."

The Power Principle Documentary About U.S. Foreign Policy Video.
Thoughts on an attack by a Jewish mob Video

Warrantless Spying Fight
Ooooh, we're being spied on! Browbeating Cyclops vs. Rambos.

Suicide Attack Kills 12 In East Yemen: .
Suicide bomber kills two "Houthi rebels" in Yemen: .

US kills 10 people in Pakistani village mosque;:
32 Britons could be killed in drone strikes, claims lawyer:

U.S. slashes Pakistan aid over jailing of 'bin Laden doctor':
Groups Concerned Over Arming Of Domestic Drones:

Explosions kill three in southern Afghanistan:
NATO occupation force solider killed Afghanistan:

UN report says Syrian army, rebels deal in death and torture:
Rebel face control: US 'to screen Syrian opposition for arms supply':

Syria's New Jihadis: Meet the terrorist group that's ruining the revolution.
Syria rebels release Lebanese hostages:

World powers not prepared to recognize Iran's right to enrich uranium:
US negotiator at P5+1-Iran talks visits Israel for 'consultations'";

Amnesty International: Israel violates human rights:,7340,L-4233846,00.html
Israelis attack African migrants during protest against refugees:

Video - Welcome to Racist Israel: Video -
Libyan Tuaregs Flee to Algeria Amid Reports of Ethnic Cleansing: .

Were Egypt's first elections really free and fair?
Judge demands Guantanamo videos:

Propaganda firm owner admits attacks on journalists:
"Infocrafting" or Propaganda Online?:

WikiLeaks case, Bradley Manning seeks dismissal of 10 charges:.

Cooperative Banking, the Exciting Wave of the Future READ MORE
Live Coverage: Occupy Worldwide READ MORE

Has the FBI Launched a War of Entrapment Against the Occupy Movement? READ MORE

German FM offers Iran help with N-technology

Related posts: Overseas workers take thousands of mining jobs in Australia

Related posts: Over 700 Canadian protesters detained in police crackdown

Related posts: Crisis over thanks to Syrians strength & unity: Assad

Related posts: Democrats revolt against Obama over TPP

Related posts:
>>>>>>>>>>INFOS <<<<<<<<<<
SAMEDI 26 MAI 2012
20h03 - Négociations au Canadien Pacifique · Le syndicat fait le point
        Les négociations sont toujours en cours au Canadien Pacifique (CP) et se poursuivront vraisemblablement toute la fin de semaine. Agence QMI
17h12 - Congrès de la CLASSE · Les négociations et la loi 78 sont au cœur des discussions
        Une centaine de délégués de la CLASSE sont réunis en congrès samedi à l'Université de Sherbrooke.  Agence QMI
14h44 - Crise étudiante · Le mouvement prend de l'ampleur
         Qu'adviendra-t-il du mouvement des manifestations à travers le Québec au cours des prochaines semaines? Agence QMI
14h09 - Mirabel · Tornade de force F-1
        Des météorologues d'Environnement Canada ont été dépêchés sur place afin d'examiner les dégâts. Agence QMI
08h02 - La CSN accuse la FTQ · Des billets de 100$ offerts aux travailleurs
        Le président de la CSN-Construction, Aldo Miguel Paolinelli, accuse la FTQ-Construction de violer la loi en tentant « d'acheter » des membres de        sa centrale. Agence QMI


From: Anne Dickinson
Subject: Re: Daily Digest May 25, 2012  006

Hi Joe-
Who could guess after all the twisting and shouting by the Harperites about abuse of EI that employment insurance is not funded by the government but by workers and their  employers.
In fact it is money that people have paid in that they are using, not government money.
But then I guess vilifying people is what this government does best.
The real abuse of EI has been by the federal government which has over the years stolen billions of dollars of this
"insurance" to pay down government debt.
Maybe its time for another lecture on the importance of frugality by Tony "Gazebo" Clements.

Yes Anne.  Libs & Cons spent $56 billion of EI Fund money . . . Cons wiped out all but $2 billion  when they changed the system.
From: "Robert G. Gauthier/The National Capital News Canada" <>

Hello, Joe,
I thought you might be interested in this different take on the student defence of the right to dissent in Canada. The mainstream media continue to claim the issue is student fees and to wrongly "report" violent demonstrations and mass arrests.
The facts are that more than 200,000 people walked in Montreal and other cities peacefully in protest to the illegal "law" created by the Government of Quebec and in violation of fundamental rights guaranteed in the Canadian Constitution. All of this, while the Government of Canada sits idly by instead of defending these rights as is their duty and "Guardians of the Canadian Constitution."
The arrests were not as a result of violent acts but merely citations because they failed to disperse after the marches were deemed to be illegal because the organizers had not filed the route the protest would take. This is hardly our-of-control rioting.
One of the remarkable characteristics of these peaceful marches is the absence of alcohol.
I'm writing to you as a result of my concern that the continuing misrepresentations as to the nature and reason for the Quebec challenge is spilling over into other provinces where the mainstream media are inflaming an ordinary situation that will lead to violence.
My letter to The Toronto Star describes my views.
Thanks for your very useful publication.
Robert G. Gauthier,

---- Original Message ----
Subject: "Montreal arrests evoke October Crisis," "Quebec's 'worst social crisis'," pages A1/A2, by Nelson Wyatt and Alexander Panetta, Canadian Press; "What simmers under our calm facade," page A2, by Rose Dimanno; and, "Context and values shape Quebec political struggle," page A23, by Charles Pascal, The Toronto Star, May 25, 2012.

The Editor,
The Toronto Star,
May 25, 2012
Re: "Montreal arrests evoke October Crisis," "Quebec's 'worst social crisis'," pages A1/A2, by Nelson Wyatt and Alexander Panetta, Canadian Press; "What simmers under our calm facade," page A2, by Rose Dimanno; and, "Context and values shape Quebec political struggle," page A23, by Charles Pascal, The Toronto Star, May 25, 2012.
It is thanks to the dedication of the Quebec students to the democratic values enshrined in the Canadian Constitution and for which people all over the world are fighting and dying, not to the Canadian Parliamentarians, that the fundamental rights of freedom of expression, of assembly, to dissent and to protest are still alive and well in Canada.
The protests across Quebec are not "Quebec's worst social crisis." They are, thanks to the students in Quebec, Canada's finest moments.
While the self-admiring and unsubstantively critical members of the mainstream media along with the somnambulant parliamentarians from coast to coast across Canada, the Official Guardians of our freedoms, it took a handful of aware and grateful students in Quebec to challenge the illegal repression of the fundamental rights, not only of these students, but for all Canadians.
These last few months, and the next coming weeks before the courts, will go down in history as another of democracy's "finest" moments ... and without bloodshed.
Anyone who tells you Canada is not the greatest democracy in the world has not been paying attention.
In portraying on its front page any comparison with the October Crisis, The Toronto Star has totally and irresponsibly misrepresented the heroic actions of those who believe in and will defend Canadian fundamental rights whereas the October Crisis was the exact opposite in attacking these rights.
I can only conclude from the reports (?) in today's The Toronto Star that your writers are more interested in inflaming a very large yet mostly peaceful expression of concern by Canadians in the Province of Quebec than informing readers of the important issues and the peaceful and democratic methods available to effectively challenge tyrannical elected officials within the boundaries of the Canadian Constitution.
As Dimanno writes, "It will be interesting to see if this wider dissent flourishes. This is, contrary to her cynical view, not a "simmering of violence beneath the gentle gentle Canadian soul," but a genuine defence of the freedoms for which so many have fought and paid the ultimate price.
I hope every Canadian will acknowledge our good fortune come Remembrance Day and that such sacrifice made it possible for those Quebec student leaders to fight this good fight.
Robert G. Gauthier,
Ottawa K2P 2L9

From: "rory j. koopmans" <>
Subject: Executive Dissertations: Prime Ministers Week-Part IV

From: "S Booiman"
Subject: reply from Ottawa

Hello Ken,
To respond to Citizens from Ottawa one has to be master in BOTH official languages
to write the answer you did receive and many others do, they don’t have the brains
to deal with issues the common sense way, that would take energy. Everything has
to be on paper, like our MPs show regularly.
Have no idea where we are going with a left leaning Premier in Alberta, the Chrétien
political daughter, premier in B.C., preparing the road for a new NDP leader.
Mulcair riding high in Quebec with both hands reaching out for more from Ottawa
Labour unions supporting civil disobedience, lawyers VOLUNTEERING. How much more
Social Justice do we need to pay for?
The three stooges: Trudeau, Chrétien and OUlette==
the French triplets that signed the 1982 Constitution= = did draft the plans for the country’s
future in in which we live today , does not look good with a federal government, elected
for change, standing there with a sign “silence is golden”. We see some pointing fingrs
but lack the courage to express their own view. no one ask to agree, however volume may
make one think twice.

From: Mahmood Elahi
To: <>
Subject: Iran can be stopped from going nuclear without military intervention

Comment Editor
The Globe and Mail
Copy to: Prof. Peter Jones, Associate professor, the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, University of Ottawa: With third largest oil reseves after Saudi Arabia and Russia and second largest natural gas reserves only next to Russia, it is prepostrous for Iran to claim that it needs nuclear power at a time when long-estabilished users of nuclear energy like Japan and Germany have abandoned this dangerous form of energy after Fukushima nuclear disaster in the wake of earthquake. Earthquakes are common in Iran and if an earthqauake on the scale of Fukushima hits Iran, it might face a nuclear catastrophe of epic proportions. Iran's nuclear program is based entirely on military and political considerations. Iranian mullahs think that acquisition of nuclear weapons would give them necessary military clout to intimidate Israel and Arab neighbours like Saudi Arabia and other Gulf states. A nuclear-armed Iran can deter Israel while unleashing its Hezbollah surrogates against the Jewish state.
Iran can be stopped from going nuclear without military intervention
In his otherwise interesting comment "Talking sense with Iran," Prof. Peter Jones seems to have missed the point : Why Iran, with the world's third largest oil reserves and second largest natural gas reserves need nuclear power for peaceful use? The answer is obvious: Iran's nuclear aspiration is hardly peaceful. It is basically aimed at exploding an atomic bomb which would give Iran the military clout it lacks to intimidate Israel and its neighbours.
Recently, I watched on the classical channel, an Oscar-winning movie Mission To Moscow, based on the book by the American ambassador to the Soviet Union before the Second World War, Joseph Davieson. Mr. Davieson was sent to Moscow by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to find out what Russia would do if Hitler unleashied his blitz in Europe. After completing his tenure in 1938, Ambassador Davieson met the Dutch Foreign Minister on his way back to Washington. When he asked the foreign minister if there was a way to persuade Hitler to keep peace in Europe, the minister told him that there would be peace in Europe if Hitler gets what he wants and he wants all of Europe and all of Russia. If he gets these two things, there would be peace in Europe.
Similarly, Iran's ruling Shia mullahs want two things. Firstly, they want dismantling of Israel. They think Jewish people have no place in the Islamic Middle East and Israel, which contains Islam's third holiest shrine of Jerusalem, must be dismantled, giving all lands to the Palestinian people. Secondly, they want complete withdrawl of the U.S. forces from the region, allowing Iran to dominate the region, especially Saudi Arabia. Iranian mullahs consider themselves as the guardian of Islam and Saudi Arabia, which contains Islam's two hoilest shrines of Mecca and Media, is an userper. Withdrawal of U.S. forces would allow Iran to take up its legitimate role as the leader of the Muslim world. But the mullahs also realize that they don't have the military clout to achieve these goals and acquision of nuclear weapons will give them the necessary military clout.
A nuclear-armed Iran can deter Israel from retaliating, while allowing Iran to unleash its surrogate Hezbollah based in Lebanon. Iran has steadily built up the rocket arsenals of Hezbollah, the Shia militant group in Lebanon, after they were depleted during military operations by Israel in 2006. Hezbollah militias are now believed to have tens of thousands of rockets capable of reaching cities deep iside Israel. A nuclear-armed Iran can unleash the Hezbollah without any fear of Israeli retaliation. This is why a nuclear-armed Iran remains an existentialist threat to Israel.
Saudi Arabia also faces a similar threat. A nuclear-armed Iran can intimidate Sunni Saudi Arabia into submission. Although the richest oil-producing country, Saudi Arabia's small population of 25 million is dwarfed by Iran's huge population of 80 million and a nuclear-armed Iran will be far more intimidating than it is now. It can also incite Saudi Arabia's large and restless Shia minority. Already Iran overshadows the Gul region and a nuclear-armed Iran can undermine Saudi Arabia's security in many ways.
However, Iran can be stopped from going nuclear without any military intervention. Iran is totally dependent on oil revenues to bankroll its expensive nuclear program. If Saudi Arabia could be persuaded to increase its oil production dramatically, bringing down oil prices drastically, it can force Iran to abandon its nuclear program for lack of funds. If Saudi Arabia can bring down oil prices from today's $100 a barrel to $30 a barrel, it can bankrupt Iran and Iran has few other resources to replenish its coffers. Natural gas prices are at their historical low and cheap oil will divert even users of natural gas to oil. Iran will soon find it impossible to bankroll its highly expensive nuclear program and provide welfare to the poor who are regime's biggest supporters. Cheap oil will also help the global economy.
After his return to Washington in 1938, Ambassador Joseph Davieson told the press: "The Soviet Union is the only country in Europe preparing for the day when, as every Russian bellieves, Germany will attack the Soviet Union to give Hitler a bloody nose and thank God for it." Similarly, the world must thank God that Israel is pressing for action to stop Iran from going nuclear. Like negotiating with Germany in 1938, negotiating with Iran on the nuclear issue may be useless. Only a firm action will stop Iran from going nuclear.

From: Rebecca Gingrich
Subject: our children are our hope for a free future
Canada protest spreads as arrest list hits 2,500 benchmark
Subject:  if they are flying in the USI they will be flying in Canadian airspace also
Israeli Company Has FAA Permission to Fly Drones in U.S. Airspace!
Subject: millions around the word die for NATOs greed
Subject: First they lay off thousands of Public Service people then they create new departments?????
Will this be an 'arms length ' department so no one can ever blame the government for the screw-ups?  Of course either way the taxpayer loses.  I love the picture--the F-35 is headed right to Harper--and the part of his body where the sun don't shine.
Subject: Motion 312: Let's Talk About It

Joe--this is the letter I sent to my MP re abortion.

Subject: RE: Motion 312: Let's Talk About It
Date: Sat, 26 May 2012 16:49:31 -0400

Dave--I am writing to ask you to support MP Stephen Woodworth's Motion, Motion 312.  As a former nurse I cannot comprehend that we still believe that a baby is not human until it is completely born.  Explain then how ultrasounds can be done to determine the sex of the 'non-human' in utero if it is not already human?   Has our knowledge of life not improved since the 17th century???

I raised sheep in Alberta for 20 years and when we bred a ram to a ewe we got a lamb, not a turkey or a pig.  So why would this be any different for humans? 

Thousands of murders are being committed every year in Canada.  How can any caring human defend these actions by stating that the unborn baby is not human?  Does this remove responsibility from those that passed this law and those that carry out these actions? 

As for women's rights over their body.  They also have the right not to get pregnant.  Responsibility is what is required.  Who decides who is more important in this situation?  We kill in foreign countries to 'protect the innocent' but see nothing wrong with killing the innocent here in Canada? 

Please have the courage and the responsibility to support justice in this case.  Those that stand for nothing will fall for everything.

Rebecca Gingrich

Subject: The Latest from Impolitical
From: Impolitical <>

Lockheed Martin pulls out the big guns

Posted: 25 May 2012 04:09 AM PDT
This report today just says so much about the whole F-35 program. Lockheed Martin is now publicly threatening that Canadian firms that have received F-35 industrial contracts to date may not get continued work in the future if our government goes with another jet. Heck of a way to run a business, don't you think? For what is essentially a petty, vengeful rationale, not a decision that has to do with choosing the best company to do the job, Canadian firms may lose out.

Canada, however, is a signatory to a Memorandum of Understanding ("MOU"), along with other "Partner" nations, that sets out our rights to bid on contracts. Those provisions are a little different from what you hear from the Lockheed Martin rep in this main excerpt from Postmedia:
F-35 manufacturer Lockheed Martin is warning that Canadian companies will lose out if the Conservative government decides not to purchase the stealth fighter. "Right now we will honour all existing contracts that we have," Lockheed Martin vice-president Steve O'Bryan told Postmedia News on Thursday. "After that, all F-35 work will be directed into countries that are buying the airplane."
But O'Bryan also said his company has not received any indication Canada won't buy the aircraft. "What we have is the official statement out of the government and we're working with the government," he said. "They're committed to the F-35, they've selected it, and we haven't had any change in that official position."
That will likely come as a surprise to many Canadians as the Conservative government has said since last month that it has not committed to purchasing the F-35 and that all options are still on the table when it comes to replacing Canada's aging fleet of CF-18 fighters.

That latter part is also news, in a sense. Some of us actually wouldn't be surprised at all that the government is telling we the Canadian public that they're going to consider other jet options but haven't yet clarified anything with Lockheed Martin. But back to the main point here. The Memorandum of Understanding includes these provisions on Industrial Benefits:
SECTION VII INDUSTRIAL PARTICIPATION 7.1 The Participants, through their Contracting Agencies, will require their Contractors to select subcontractors (which term includes subcontractors from all of the Participants' nations) on a competitive, Best Value basis to the maximum practical extent consistent with the objectives and requirements of the Contracts and this MOU.

7.3 The Participants acknowledge that, subject to the submission of Best Value offers, industries that are in the nations of Participants procuring JSF Air Systems under this MOU and that were awarded SDD subcontracts will normally also be awarded subcontracts for low rate initial production and full rate production work, as well as for related sustainment and follow-on development work.

I think those are the main provisions that are relevant here. They essentially say that companies in Canada can bid and the contracts will be awarded on a competitive, best value basis. The wrinkle is that the nations that procure the jets, according to 7.3, will "normally" also get subcontracts and work for the jets. Emphasis on "normally." There is clearly room for participant nations who do not procure F-35s to still get work. What Mr. Lockheed Martin is saying in this media interview, however, is that unless Canada buys, Canada will not get any contracts. So in that way, what he is saying is absolute. But the provisions are not so absolute. We did pay money to participate in this MOU regime, as well. Further, combine the above industrial benefits provisions with section of the MOU:
"Actual procurement of JSF Air Vehicles by the Participants will be subject to the Participants' national laws and regulations and the outcome of the Participants' national procurement decision-making processes."

The two provisions seem to run contrary to one another and challenge the Lockheed Martin approach as articulated in this Postmedia report. Why would a document like this give nations the freedom to hold their own procurement processes, which might lead to the purchase of a separate jet? And yet at the same time allow those participant nations to still bid on contractual work? Maybe because it's good business sense? Nations who buy other jets, strangely enough, still might possess capable industrial expertise that could help build your F-35.

If you were Lockheed Martin, you might want to make decisions on who should help build the F-35 based on who those best companies are. And how expensive it might be to break ties with existing suppliers, like Canadian ones, and move on to new ones. But what do we know anyway? Lockheed Martin have run up the F-35 building and design costs to such an unprecedented extent that the very existence of the program has been called into question many times over. So I guess we can presume they know what they're doing in threatening job losses in Canada.

What this does, however, is ratchet up pressure in Canada and cause uncertainty about future contracts and jobs. It helps the Harper government who no doubt will continue to pursue the F-35, despite the establishment of that new fighter jet secretariat and all their damage control in the wake of the Auditor General establishing that they kept $10 billion in costs of this deal from the public during a general election.

Lockheed's warning should also be taken with the knowledge that if Canada does pursue another jet in a competitive process, there would be other industrial benefits in store for Canadian industry as a result of that competition. That's a big if given this government's continued commitment to the F-35 to date.

It would be nice to think that whatever is decided on jets for Canada, it will be done in Canada's interests though, not in response to threats by a foreign multinational.