Thursday, September 08, 2011

Daily Digest September 8, 2011


The DAILY DIGEST: INFORMATION and OPINION from ST. JOHN'S to VICTORIA.
ARCHIVED at http://cdndailydigest.blogspot.com/



OPINION AND INFORMATION

Merger talk threatens the Liberals' bank account
 There is more than noble principle at play in the frantic Liberal efforts to stamp out sparks of a possible merger with the NDP. If allowed to take on a life of its own,
 the discussion of a rapprochement with the New Democrats could be lethal to the party's already flagging financial health.
MORE...
Related
Quebec senator furious over Persichilli hiring
A fuming Sen. Jacques Demers, heading into Thursday's closed-door
national caucus meeting, said the decision shocked him.
MORE...
Related _____

>>>>>>>>>>INFOS <<<<<<<<<<
JEUDI 08 SEPTEMBRE 2011
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The CBSA: Child of 9/11
A profile of how 9/11 changed Canada's border management.
http://www.embassymag.ca/page/view/cbsa-09-07-2011

That which occurred on September 11th ten years ago changed our lives as well as the Americans.
One way it did is detailed was on the border  - consideration of the why and how it occurred going on now..

From: Joseph <joseph@commonground.ca>
Subject: Toronto Hearings on actaul events of 9/11 ON NOW Schedule and Live Coverage

http://torontohearings.org/schedule-and-live-coverage/

The first public inquiry on the events of 9/11 is on now with live coverage. Copy and paste link above.

Toronto Hearing on 9/11 runs from Sept 8 - 11, 2011.

The line up is amazing and it is about time the truth of what actually happened, what was real and false, and what parts of the "official" report on the collapse of the WTC are impossible.

It is the 10th anniversary and the public is finally having a hearing that honours the truth of the events of 9/11

Thanks you for caring enough to watch. listen and learn what really happened.

Please forward this reminder to your contacts all over the world.
Toronto Hearings
International Living Learning Centre, Ryerson University, 240 Jarvis Street, Toronto, September 8, 9, 10 & 11, 2011

Schedule and Live Coverage
The following two links will allow you to view the Hearings live:
(1)  http://www.ustream.tv/channel/thetorontohearings

(2) liveonlocation


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From: Rebecca Gingrich

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Subject: Someone that tells the truth aobut Libya and Zato's actions--we are the killers

The One Killing Civilians is NATO
 When your house is burgled and you catch the burglar inside, what do you do? Do you simply give him the keys and say OK I will not resist, it is all yours now?
http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article29064.htm
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Subject: Canadians worry terrorists will attack within our borders   DD

Joe--how interesting--we are not considered terrorists when we bomb a people that have done NOTHING to us but deem that any retaliation for our mass murder of them may cause them to become terrorists???  When I read articles like the one below I wonder why no one has already attacked us.  We are the real terrorists on the planet.  This Canadian General essentially says that we bombed Libya to play with the International community and show them we can be bullies also.  Harper was ordered by his corporate controllers to take part and in his arrogance he obeyed.  No one in their right mind would have done so.  We are supporting al Qaida, a group created by CIA/mossad and see nothing wrong with this?  But any Canadian who speaks against what we are doing is considered a terrorist or ant-semitic and ends up in front of the CHRC and we get mauled at airports?  Our government thinks we are already terrorists.
becky

'Eyes of the world were on NATO,' Canadian general says
http://www.thestar.com/news/world/article/1050654--eyes-of-the-world-were-on-nato-canadian-general-says
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Subject: The NAFTA Of The Pacific Will Soon Allow Millions More American
 Jobs To Be Shipped Overseas...and there is barely a peep about it on the news. ...

The NAFTA Of The Pacific Will Soon Allow Millions More American Jobs To Be Shipped Overseas

Membership in the "NAFTA of the Pacific" already includes Brunei, Chile, New Zealand and Singapore.  The United States, Australia, Peru, Malaysia and Vietnam are scheduled to join.  Canada, Japan and South Korea are also reportedly considering membership.  So once this "free trade" agreement is ratified, will we hear another "giant sucking sound" as millions more of our jobs are shipped overseas?...
http://www.prisonplanet.com/giant-sucking-sound-part-2-the-nafta-of-the-pacific-will-soon-allow-millions-more-american-jobs-to-be-shipped-overseas.html
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Subject: [On-Guard] [video] Gerald Celen te Predicts "Winter of Discontent--is this why we need more prisons--not for the criminals but for those of us that are tired of being used and abused???

Gerald Celente Predicts "Winter of Discontent"
Celente warned that the global elite will likely stage a "fear and hysteria" false flag terror event to turn attention away from the real criminals, the international bankers....
http://www.prisonplanet.com/gerald-celente-predict
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Subject: Harper 'stands with israel' Israeli attack on USS Liberty (US Navy ship)
                                              http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fRZSzdQuOqM&NR=1

Texans in 39 foot boat expected to arrive off coast of Gaza on Tuesday to honor USS Liberty
http://www.councilforthenationalinterest.org/component/k2/item/718-texans-in-39-foot-boat-expected-to-arrive-off-coast-of-gaza-on-tuesday-to-honor-uss-liberty.html
  • A retired college professor who has sailed approximately 8,000 miles to the eastern Mediterranean is expected to arrive at his destination within the next 24 hours: the exact location where Israeli forces tried to sink a US Navy ship in 1967, killing or injuring over 200 American servicemen.
Larry Toenjes, 74 years old, is planning to hold a memorial service for those killed on board the ship, the USS Liberty. Israel shelled and torpedoed the ship, an electronics surveillance ship, in an attack that lasted as long as the attack on Pearl Harbor.
While Israel and its partisans have tried to claim that the attack was "a mistake," a 2003 inquiry by an independent commission led by a retired four-star Navy Admiral, a Rear Admiral, and the highest ranking Medal of Honor recipient in the U.S., a Marine General, announced on Capitol Hill that all the evidence indicated that the attack had been intentional, had consisted of an act of war against the United States by Israel, and that a cover-up had been ordered by the White House.
In addition, the commission found that rescue flights had been recalled by President Lyndon Johnson and Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara. While almost no media covered the Capitol Hill briefing, a full record of its findings are in the Congressional Record and Stars and Stripes military newspaper.


Americans sail across Atlantic to commemorate USS liberty.
  http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=5JZkv4E1mAE#t=80s
Robert Gates Says Israel Is an Ungrateful Ally
Congressman Says Israel Has Manifest TOTAL POWER Over U.S. Congress

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The CBSA: Child of 9/11
A profile of how 9/11 changed Canada's border management.
        
In the speech from the throne on Feb. 2, 2004, almost two and a half years since two planes hit the World Trade Center towers in New York City, then governor general Adrienne Clarkson talked about then-Liberal prime minister Paul Martin's government's plan to develop Canada's first national security policy. She did so by emphasizing Canada's strong and various ties with its southern neighbour.

"The government is therefore committed to a new, more sophisticated approach to this unique relationship," Ms. Clarkson said. "To ensure a border that is open and effective in handling the volumes of people, goods, and services flowing to and from our economies, the security concerns of both sides must be respected."

These words came just two months after Mr. Martin created the Canada Border Services Agency—the federal law enforcement body seen as a key element of Canada's national security policy. It would oversee significant changes for travellers and goods and mark a fundamental shift in Canada's approach to border security.

Looking back at the last decade, some experts say the CBSA's creation was unavoidable, leading to more efficient intelligence gathering and information analysis at ports of entry. But others say the agency's functions are still very much a mirror of US policy, making a made-in-Canada security solution even more challenging for the future.

In response to the 9/11 attacks, American officials created the Department of Homeland Security, a cabinet department that saw the amalgamation of almost two dozen government agencies into a single organization. After more internal restructuring, two relevant border-related agencies emerged under the DHS: Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and the US Customs and Border Protection.

Major restructuring took place north of the border as well, with the creation of Public Safety Canada and with the CBSA falling under this portfolio.

It is well known that these new Canadian bodies were "designed essentially to mirror the creation of a single super agency on the American side," says Kim Richard Nossal, director of the Centre for International and Defence Policy at Queen's University.

His thoughts are echoed by Elinor Caplan, a former cabinet minister in the government of Jean Chrétien who made the initial proposal to establish the CBSA.

"The events of 9/11 caused the US to develop [the DHS], so one of the things Canada had to do is look at how we can organize and collaborate here at home but also with the US," Ms. Caplan told Embassy in an interview.

The CBSA came together through the amalgamation of Canada Customs with enforcement duties from Citizenship and Immigration Canada and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency.

Canada's collaboration with the US on security issues increased after the 9/11 events and Ms. Caplan says she noticed that many Canadian ministers had to interact with their American counterparts on a regular basis, but the lack of a common structure for enforcement made the exchange of information sometimes cumbersome even within the different Canadian agencies.

"We had to make sure one minister was responsible for all security information," Ms. Caplan says, "to have ready access in times of need so that there would not be any difficulty in sharing information within the government of Canada but also with the US government."

Today, the CBSA has about 13,000 employees, managing 119 land borders, including ports and rail sites, and operating at 13 international airports. Its responsibilities vary from detaining people who pose a threat to Canada and removing those inadmissible in the country to enforcing trade agreements and collecting taxes and duties.

The agency is also involved in international efforts, including detecting and stopping irregular migration and document fraud, as well as preventing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems.

According to yearly departmental performance reports, the CBSA spent almost $1.3 billion in 2006-07 and about $1.64 billion in 2009-2010. The agency projected spending of almost $1.8 billion for 2011-12.

Key change: Arming officers

Ms. Caplan says that the creation of the CBSA was a smooth transition since the personnel that formed it, although from different departments, all had a culture of enforcement.

A key change in the agency's operations was the Conservative government's 2006 decision to arm CBSA officers.

CBSA spokesperson Esme Bailey writes in an email that as of August 2011 there were 1,626 armed officers that have been trained and deployed across Canada, and the goal is to arm 5,685 officers by 2016. Officers are equipped with bulletproof vests, expandable batons, pepper spray and handguns, she says.

"Armed officers are better prepared and trained to deal with a broad range of options when responding to potentially dangerous situations," Ms. Bailey writes.

But Ben Muller, a security studies professor at the University of Western Ontario who researches border issues, says the decision to arm officers is more a symbolic than a practical one.

"Symbolically, now that you cross the border you meet an individual not dressed in a suit and tie, as was the case historically, but you meet an officer with a gun," Mr. Muller says.

"There are very different images countries choose to present," he added, "and we have made the decision to create the image of an armed person in a policing function."

Mr. Muller also says that, according to inside conversations he heard, there are some internal organizational conflicts within the CBSA between "those trained on a previous system and those newly recruited officers who clearly see themselves as having a policing function."

Mr. Nossal says the decision to arm officers was also meant as a message to the Americans.

"You have to look at the decision in the context of the constant efforts by the Canadian government since 9/11, both Liberal and Conservative, to try to change structures and operations to satisfy the US that Canada was serious about security," he says.

Ongoing balancing exercise

Canada showed seriousness and willingness to work more collaboratively with the US on security right after 9/11, when officials from the two countries signed the Smart Border Declaration and Action in 2001. It outlined how Canada will be in lock step with the US on various security measures. This document also shaped much of the CBSA's future activities.

It is a 30-point plan, which—according to an online Public Safety document—was "founded on the principle that national security and economic security are not competing objectives."

In fact, finding the right balance between the free flow of goods and people and providing security has continued to be one of the CBSA's biggest challenges since its inception.

But Ms. Bailey points to two programs that arose since 9/11 that have led to the prevention of illegal cross-border activity while at the same time ensuring the continued flow of legitimate travellers and trade: the Advanced Passenger Information program and Nexus.

Through the former, the CBSA performs a risk assessment of air travellers before they arrive in Canada, Ms. Bailey says, while the Nexus program is designed to speed up the border clearance process for low-risk, pre-approved travellers into Canada and the US.

These initiatives and their commercial-level equivalents are all as based on the so-called risk management approach, which is a targeting process meant to detect and intercept high-risk people and goods.

For this, officers are trained in interrogation, examination and investigative techniques, Ms. Bailey says.

"Over time and especially since September 11, 2001, the [targeting] program has increasingly become an integral part of border management by supporting Canada's national security and public safety priorities," she writes.

Mr. Muller says that despite some privacy concerns due to pre-screening, Nexus has been fairly efficient in ensuring regular passenger movement, but programs like the commercial-level Fast are still "so administratively onerous."

Business officials have often complained about the so-called thickening of the Canada-US border, which they say has had a negative impact on commercial ties. This debate is in fact very much alive during the current security perimeter talks the two countries are negotiating, highlighting the ongoing search to find the right balance between security and the smooth flow of people and goods.

Mr. Nossal says the fact that the Canadian government is still struggling with this issue 10 years after 9/11 is a testament to its durability.

"One of the things that has transfixed the government of Canada is finding a way to ensure Canada's continued integration into a North American economy," he says. "One of the difficulties is that with the creation of DHS on the American side, which organized itself to say security trumps trade, that becomes exceedingly difficult."

Mimicking the US?

The CBSA has continued to expand its collaboration with US agencies in enforcement and intelligence sharing throughout the years, and one example is the Integrated Border Enhancement Teams, comprised of five Canadian and American law enforcement agencies.

The CBSA is also sharing information with other countries in order to identify risks, something Ms. Bailey says is an example of an important change since 9/11.

This exercise also encompasses the agency's responsibility in tackling irregular migration. For example, Ms. Bailey says the CBSA has 60 so-called Migration Integrity Officers working in over 40 countries, whose job is, among others, to stop people with improper documents from boarding a plane to Canada.

In 2010, the CBSA helped remove over 15,000 inadmissible individuals to Canada, prevented narcotics worth more than $632 million from entering the country, and seized 453 firearms and more than 4,000 other types of prohibited weapons.

Ms. Caplan says enhanced and more effective intelligence gathering was the driving force behind the decision to create the new agency in 2003.

While Mr. Muller agrees that intelligence gathering and information analysis has improved under the CBSA, he also points out that collecting intelligence is based on certain perceptions of threat.

But Canada does not have the same perception of threat as the US, and those who suggest the two countries should move in complete harmony in dealing with the border are ignoring this fact, Mr. Muller says.

Mr. Nossal agreed that in Canada there is a rather different view of security than in the US.

"I think Canadians and the government agencies are less paranoid compared to the high-level anxiety that one sees on the American side," he says.

Nevertheless, Canada's strategy since 9/11 suggests that the two countries share the same security principles, he added.

"I would say that the largest impact looking 10 years back has been the extent to which we have begun to mimic US polices and strategies in the management of the border," Mr. Muller says. "I would say we don't really have a made-in-Canada solution to deal with our border."

Ms. Bailey says that while the 9/11 attacks "had a considerable impact on our organization" and "although we have made a number of changes, not every change was in response to the attacks."

Still Mr. Muller is skeptical about how much leeway the CBSA really has in shaping its own strategy.

Like in the US, the professor says border issues have fallen more and more under a centralized authority, pushing aside local and regional solutions.

"The fact that we had to create an institution was not something we could have avoided," he says. "But we had more options about how it operated. Any bi-national strategy to deal with the border ought to be just that: bi-national. There is no reason why the US has to be in the driver seat."

Mr. Nossal agrees there is no real made-in-Canada approach to national security since 9/11, but also acknowledges that previous governments had to alleviate to a certain extent American concerns over Canadian border management.

In the future, both Mr. Nossal and Mr. Muller say there will be a continued push for Canada to align its operations with the Americans, especially at the technological level.

"But because [everything] is so clearly driven by America's hyper concerns with security, I think [it] is creating some push back among some Canadians," Mr. Nossal says.

agurzu@embassymag.ca
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